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South Sudan Rome Agreement

Posted on April 12th, 2021 in Uncategorized by

 

On August 5, 2018, Kiir and Machar signed a ceasefire and power-sharing agreement. However, on 28 August, Machar and the leaders of other rebel groups refused to sign the last part of the agreement, saying that disputes over the separation of powers and the adoption of the new constitution were not being effectively managed. Paolo Impagliazzo, secretary general of the community of Saint Egidio, presided over the press conference to announce the ceasefire agreement with Benjamin Barnaba, who represents the government of South Sudan, and General Thomas Cirillo Swaka, leader of the South Sudanese opposition movement (SSOMA), a coalition of forces that did not comply with the Addis Ababa peace accords in 2018. In response to a question from the Sudan Tribune, he added that, as soon as a peace agreement was reached, SSOMA would have two alternatives if it wished to participate in the three-year transition. He welcomed the presence of SSOMA and its General Leadership Council Thomas Cirillo, spokesman for Ambassador Emmanuel Ajawin, and Dr. David Bassiuni asked them to maintain the momentum of dialogue and agreement. On 12 January 2020, at the Comunita di Sant`Egidio, the Rome Declaration was signed and the opposition groups that had been excluded from the Addis Ababa agreement in 2018 complied. It was the first meeting of all political parties in the country. A ceasefire agreement was also signed and any non-excluded opposition was part of the monitoring of the ceasefire in South Sudan.

The agreement signed in Sant`Egidio put an end to the ethnic and political conflict that could have claimed up to 400,000 lives – many sources say 50,000 dead – and between two and four million refugees aD. Of the remaining 12 million people, more than half survive thanks to international aid. The third round of talks on the South Sudan peace process, negotiated by the community of Sant`Egidio, will end today, with a new ceasefire agreement signed and a declaration of political principles scheduled for the upcoming meetings of lengthy negotiations between the Juba national government and the South Sudanese Opposition Movement (SSOMA), the coalition of the armed forces. The statement rejected statements that he had held discussions with Gen Paul Malong`s South Sudan-United Front/Army (SSUF/A) on their situation as soon as a peace agreement was signed in Rome. The first meeting includes a workshop with the participation of military representatives, while the second is to sign a declaration on political principles. Federalism, the constitution, security, land use and reconciliation are among the issues that can be agreed upon. “The leaders and government of the Republic of South Sudan will go all the way to listen and speak to all the opposition parties that have not signed the peace agreement. This is a fundamental policy promoted by its President of Excellence, Salva Kiir Mayardit, in order to have peace in our land-based country,” said Mr. Barnaba.

During the meeting, Malong agreed to negotiate an IGAD-backed peace agreement. On 21 February 2020, a delegation from Sant`Egidio travelled to South Sudan to sign the Juba political agreement, the result of the agreement between President Kiir and opposition leader Machar, which opens the door to the much-anticipated formation of a new government of national unity. On 12 September 2018, after 15 months of negotiations in Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, Kiir and Machar signed the Addis Ababa peace agreement, which was never implemented. Violence and human rights violations continued.

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